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beginning with the label:
Integrative Therapeutics, Inc.
SinuComp registered TM
"supports the sinus cavities, especially for the mucus membranes"
90 tablets
dietary supplement

SUPPLEMENT FACTS
serving size: 1 tablet
Amount per tablet
Cowslip (Primula veris) flower 36 mg
European Elder (Sambucus nigra) Flower 36 mg
European Vertain (Verbena officinalis) Aerial Part 36 mg
Sorrel (Rumex acetosa) Aerial Part 36 mg
Gentian (Gentiana lutea) Root 12 mg

Other ingredients: cellulose, modified cellulose gum, stearic acid, magnesium stearate, silicon dioxide, modified cellulose, vegetable glycerin, and carnauba wax.

This formula was developed in accordance with the safety and efficacy standards set forth by the German Commission E, which is the worldwide recognized authority for effective herbal remedies.

Recommendations: Take 1 tablet three times daily

If pregnant, nursing, or taking prescriptions drugs, consult your healthcare practitioner prior to use.

SinuComp is an all-herbal formula popular in Europe for supporting the sinus cavities, especially the mucus membranes. SinUComp contains gentian root, cowslip flowers, sorrel, European elder flowers, and European vervain--natural ingredients that have stood the test of time for supporting health.*

These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Contains no sugar, salt, yeast, wheat, gluten, corn, soy, dairy products, artificial coloring, artificial flavoring, preservatives, or ingredients of animal origin. This product contains natural ingredients, color variations are normal.

Manufactured by an FDA-registered drug establishment for Integrative Therapeutics, Inc. Green Bay, WI 54311 USA
www.integrativeinc.com
1-800-931-1709
LI78919.B01
LOT B3 92836
BEST BY 02/03/12


PRIMULA
Cowslip (Primula veris) flower 36 mg
flowers can also be red
rabbits like to eat it
native throughout most of temperate Europe and Asia
absent from more northerly areas
rosette of leaves
yellow and sometimes red flowers
likes fields, meadows, coastal dunes and clifftops
often included in wildflower seed mixes for landscaping highways
this species found on more open ground than Primula vulgaris (primrose)
which is also eaten as a salad and flowers are used for color

may be confused with Primula elatior (oxlip)

ACTIONS: diuretic, expectorant, antispasmodic
USES: for headaches, whooping cough, tremors, more
OTHER USES:
wine made from the flowers, and flowers to flavor wines and vinegars
garland on maypoles in 19th century
county flower of four counties in England
poems written about it
salad green in spain
flower sugared as sweet
juice used to prepare tansy for frying
tansy = Tanacetum vulgare
Charles Darwin's paper on primula breeding is up on the web.
Primula hybrids, including cowslips and oxlips Accessed 8 May 2007
http://www.darwin-literature.com/The_Different_Forms_Of_Flowers_On_Plants_Of_The_Same_Species/3.html

SAMBUCUS
European Elder (Sambucus nigra) Flower 36 mg



native to most of Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia
deciduous shrub or small tree
fruit dark purple to black in drooping clusters
several closely related species native to Asia and North America

all green parts poisonous to mammals
flower and ripe berry not poisonous
containing the cyanogenic glycoside sambunigrin
sambunigrin also in apple and peach seeds, contains cyanide
bark contains calcium oxalate crystals
flowerhead infusion, tea for colds, fever, as expectorant
flowerhead cordial, wine
berries: jam, jelly, chutney and cordial, beer in Belgium, wine, brandy in Hungary
combines well with blackberries and with apples (pie)
berries mildly poisonous when unripe
strong-smelling foliage was tied to a horse's mane to keep flies away while riding

stembark, leaves, flowers, fruits, root extracts are used to tx:
bronchitis, cough, URI, fever, flu
(2004 n=60 double blind placebo control study shows reduction in flu sx for pts taking elderberry syrup)

prep flowers: simmer 15 minutes, filter, best hot, aromatic and tasty
CI: allergies

all green parts of the plant are poisonous
toxin: cyanogenic glycosides (Vedel & Lange 1960)
seeds of red elderberries are toxic and must be removed
MANY USES IN EUROPE
flowers are made into a syrup or cordial (in Romanian: Socată), which is diluted with water before drinking
flavor is popular, Fanta and others have come out with elderflower flavored drinks
also in liqueurs such as St Germain, and a champaigne
flowers mb fried or added to a fritter
Scandinavia, elder berry & flower juice commonly consumed as squash - mixed with water
Scandinavia and Germany, soup made from the elder berry is a traditional meal
variegated, coloured leaved, and other distinctive forms are grown in gardens
DISEASES AFFECTING ELDER TREES
subject to Elder whitewash fungus
Jelly Ear fungus is frequently found on Elder trees

VERVAIN
European Vervain (Verbena officinalis) Aerial Part 36 mg


Verbena officinalis, the Common Vervain or Common Verbena
perennial herb native to Europe, Naturalized in N America
mauve flower spikes
limey soils, propagate by root cuttings, seed
aka Simpler's Joy or Holy Herb, "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop",
"Blue Vervain" refers to V. hastata
often only member of its genus in area-->known locally as "the vervain"
names assoc it with iron: Echtes Eisenkraut (German: "true ironherb")
* IJzerhard (Dutch: "iron-hardener")
* Læge-Jernurt (Danish: "medical ironwort")
* Železník lekársky (Slovak: ("medical ironherb")
scientifically described by Carl Linnaeus his 1753 Species Plantarum
Ancient Roman term verbena for any sacrificial herb considered powerful
(per Pliny the Elder)
Officinalis = Latin for "used in medicine or herbalism"
many species and varieties, subject of DNA studies, has 14 xsomes
USES
held in high esteem since the Classical Antiquity
associated with divine and other supernatural forces
also long-standing use as a medicinal plant
mc use as herbal tea since 1600's
ACTIONS: galactagogue, possibly sex steroid analogue, abortifacient, reputed to help against nervousness and insomnia
one of original 38 Bach flower remedies vs "over-enthusiasm"
"ally" of poets and writers; relaxation-->relieve writer's block
NOT SAFE DURING PREG
Pawnee have adopted it as an entheogen enhancer
in oneiromancy often referred to as the North American version of Calea zacatechichi
western Eurasia: "tears of Isis" (Ancient Egypt), "Juno's tears" (Ancient Greece) early Christian folk legend: Vervain used to staunch Jesus' wounds after removal from cross
"Holy Herb" "Devil's bane"
used in ointments to drive out and repel "demonic" illness
protects people from vampires
flowers are engraved on cimaruta, Italian anti-stregheria charms
used in the preparation of a magical charm
ornamental

RUMEX
Dock, or Sorrel (Rumex acetosa) Aerial Part 36 mg



docks and sorrels
200 species herbs, buckwheat family: Polygonaceae
very common in N hemisphere but introduced everywhere
erect plants, long tap roots, leathery leaves, basal rosette
some are nuisance weeds (dockweed)
some eat the leaves, including butterflies of moth sp Lepidoptera
one sp of lepidoptera that eats only dock:
chionodes violaceous


leaves of most species contain oxalic acid and tannin-->astringent, purgative
leaves used as trad remedy for nettle/urtica sting, grows in similar habitat
sorrel = has very high level of oxalic acid, this includes Rumex acetosa
recent research finally pinpointed reason for medicinal use: high levels of chlorphenamine (powerful antihistamine)

GENTIAN
(Gentiana lutea) Root 12 mg


Great Yellow Gentian, Bitter root, bitterwort, etc
native to the mountains of central and southern Europe
herbaceous perennial 1-2 m tall
grows in grassy alpine and sub-alpine pastures, usually on calcareous soils
intensely bitter whole plant
used as tonic, tx for GI dz, exhaustion from chronic dz/debility, lack of appetite
stims liver, gall bladder, GI,
combine with purgative to tonify and prevent debilitation
name derives from Gentius, King of Illyria (180-167 BC) discovered medicinal use
used in the Middle Ages as an antidote to certain poisons
part used: root
ACTIONS: anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bitter tonic, cholagogue, emmenagogue, febrifuge, refrigerant and stomachic
TX FOR: liver complaints, indigestion, gastric infections and anorexia
CI: gastric or duodenal ulcers
ROOT mb over 5 cm thick, harvested in the autumn and dried for later use, mb stronger if plant hasn't flowered
on Albanian money in 2000 and 2008
extracts in the American soft drink Moxie

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