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Herbs: Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel)


this stuff grows wild around my neighborhood in Portland, smells great when it rains
COMMON NAME: fennel
FAMILY: Apiaceae
GENERAL: Plants in this family are toxic until proven otherwise. ID by the ripe seed. Other medicinal schizocarps in family Apiaceae include cumin, caraway, anise, parsley, dill, and celery.

PARTS USED: fruit (seeds), root

HABITAT: native to the Mediteranean

CONSTITUENTS:
--EO: 1-6%: anethone, fenchone, terpenes, pinene, dipentene
--fixed oil: 12-28%
--sterols
--flavonoids: rutin, quercitin
--coumarins
--silica
--sugars

ACTIONS/USES:
--carminative
--aromatic
--antispasmodic: for gas, blaoting colic, coughs
--diuretic
--galactogogue: increases lactation, increases desire for baby to "latch on"
--expectorant
--anti-inflam
--estrogenic: useful at menopause
--warming
--interchangeable wtih anise or caraway as a carminative, antispasmodic, expectorant
--eyewash: decreases inflammation of blepharitis and conjuncitivitis, said to improve eyesight

DIFFERENTIATIG THE TOP CARMINATIVES IN APIEACEAE FAMILY (according to Weiss):
--caraway: strong carminative, mild expectorant
--fennel: moderate in both actions
--anise: mild carminative, strong expectorant

COMBINATIONS:
--Matricaria recutita, Foeniculum and Melissa officialis for colic in breastfed infants (Hippocrates is said to have used fennel for treaing colic, and this combo has been validated in a study published in Altern Ther Halth Med. 2003 Jul-Aug;9(4):58-61)

INDICATIONS:
--colic
--indigestion
--IBS
--gas
--eye inflammation
--increase mother's milk production


DOSAGE:
--whole seeds mb chewed, just a few after a meal to aid digestion
--tea: decoct 1/2 tsp crushed seeds in 1 cup water, 10-15 mins, drink three cups per day
--tincture: 2-4 ml three times per day

Comments

( 2 comments — Leave a comment )
neptunia67
Jan. 29th, 2009 05:17 pm (UTC)
I've seen that stuff around and never realized it was fennel. Might not have been here in N.AZ, though. Might have been in England. Or maybe I'm thinking of something else, considering it comes from the tropics.
liveonearth
Jan. 29th, 2009 06:35 pm (UTC)
There are a lot of things that look similar, and may be in the same family, and may be poisonous. They are common weeds here, and in the southeast. I wouldn't be surprised if they were in Britain too. So don't eat anything just because it looks like the picture. =-]
( 2 comments — Leave a comment )

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