appropriate/small/large for gestational age
atelectasis = collapsed lung
atresia = absense of an opening (esophageal, duodenal)
bronchiectasis = dilation of part of the bronchial tree dt necrotizing infx
caput succdeaneum = scalp edema where head was pressed against cervix (not serious)
cephalhematoma = hemorrhage into the scalp (not serious)
erythroblastosis fetalis = IgG antibodies bind to RBC's and macrophages kill --> hemolytic anemia
hypospadius = incomplete male genital development, penis not closed, urethra comes out front (ventral) side of shaft anywhere from glans to scrotum "A distal hypospadias may be suspected even in an uncircumcised boy from an abnormally formed foreskin and downward tilt of the glans."
epispadius = ?
intracerebral hemorrhage from dura or brain (serious, muy)
kernicterus = brain damage from neonatal jaundice
meconium ileus = the stuff in the GI tract prior to birth
neonatal period = 1st 4 weeks after birth
neural tube defect - spina bifida = neural tube didn't close, vertebrae didn't fuse, hole in back usually in lumbar or sacral region, may be closed (occulta) or open, 2.6:1,000 worldwide, anencephaly is a kind of neural tube defect, epilepsy meds and folic acid deficiency may cause, seems to be motivator for big push to get women to take folic even if they're not preggers because tube closure happens at day 28 of pregnancy: some not aware yet they are pregnant
perinatal = around the time of birth from 5mos before to 1 mo after